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High-tackle saction decision-making framework

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BRON: World Rugby
Datum: 30-05-2019

World Rugby heeft een nieuw document vrijgegeven die scheidsrechters moet helpen om consistent en beter de hoge tackel en de shoulder charge te bestraffen. Helemaal onderaan het bericht van World Rugby en een link naar de video die  uitleg geeft.

De opmerking "All World Rugby competitions and international matches will adopt the law application guide with immediate effect along with any competition that is yet to kick-off. Competitions currently in progress can either implement immediately or at the beginning of the next competition season/hosting. " betekent effectief dat deze regels in Nederland waarschijnlijk in zullen gaan met de start van het nieuwe seizoen 2019-2020, gezien de competitie voorbij is.

We hebben het complete framework document in de download sectie geplaatst.

Hier staat de flowchart (klik erop en een grotere versie opent in een nieuw venster) uit het framework document:

Samenvatting van tackel-omstandigheden en de straf (klik erop en een grotere versie opent in een nieuw venster) uit het framwork document:

Eerdere berichten in verband met hoge tackel-regels:

Hoge tackel/hoofdcontact - Nadere uitleg nieuwe regel
Scheidsrechters gaan harder optreden tegen hoofdcontact

Het Rugbyregels.nl team

World Rugby furthers concussion prevention commitment with high-tackle sanction decison-making framework
World Rugby has issued a law application guideline and supporting educational materials to assist everyone in the game with the on-field sanction decision-making process for high tackle and shoulder charges.

Reflecting the international federation’s evidence-based approach to reducing the risk of concussion, the ‘decision-making framework for high tackles’ was developed in partnership with union and competition delegates attending the player welfare symposium in France in March and includes player, coach, match official and medic input. It is a simple-step by step guide with the purpose of:

  • Improving the consistency in application of on-field sanctions by distinguishing between dangerous tackles that warrant a penalty, yellow card or red card
  • Supporting protection of the head of both players by consistently and frequently sanctioning the tackle behaviour that is known to be the highest risk

With research demonstrating that 76 per cent of concussions occur in the tackle, with 72% of those to the tackler, and that head injury risk is 4.2 times greater when tacklers are upright, the framework is aimed at changing player behaviour in this priority area, via the promotion of safer technique and builds on the January 2017 edict on tougher sanctioning of high tackles.

Available as a step-by-step PDF, the framework is also supported by an educational video and illustrates what match officials are looking for when determining a sanction.

The process focuses on the source of direct contact to the head, the degree of force and, for the first time, any mitigating or aggravating factors that may be applied by the match officials. It will be a useful tool for coaches, players, match officials, media and fans. It provides a fresh emphasis for future decision-making and does not retrospectively judge previous decisions.

Visit the dedicated laws website and view the high tackle decision-making framework video >> 

View the framework here >>

World Rugby Chairman Sir Bill Beaumont said: "As a sport, we continue to put injury-prevention at the heart of all our decisions. The decision-making framework for high tackles reflects that commitment. It is not a law change, but a provides a step-by-step guide for match officials with the objective of reducing the risk of injury through stronger and more consistent sanctioning of high-risk tackle behaviour. 

"We are on an important and bold journey that will take the commitment and support of everyone in the game. I would especially like to thank the competitions and unions for their full collaboration in this important process."

World Rugby Rugby Committee Chairman John Jeffrey added: "This is an important player welfare and educational tool for the global game. The framework will benefit everyone in the game, not just match officials, and will set the standard that is expected from match officials when considering a high tackle or dangerous shoulder charge."

All World Rugby competitions and international matches will adopt the law application guide with immediate effect along with any competition that is yet to kick-off. Competitions currently in progress can either implement immediately or at the beginning of the next competition season/hosting. 

Editors' Notes

The evidence behind World Rugby's concussion-prevention journey
Research from a ground-breaking study of 1,500 elite matches determined:

  • 76% of concussions happen in the tackle
  • 72% of concussions in the tackle occur to the tackler
  • 50% of tackles are made either at chest level or above
  • The risk of head injury is 4.2x more likely with a higher tackle (when players are upright)

In examining the research multi-disciplinary injury-prevention group comprising coaches, players, referees, researchers, scientists, law makers and medics determined: 

  • Need to change player behaviour from high-risk to low-risk tackles
  • Lower the acceptable height of the tackle
  • Good behaviour in elite rugby impacts community rugby perceptions

The approach
Influence player and coach behaviour change by:

  • Altering definitions and clarifying sanctions for match officials (Jan 2017)
  • Introduction of the High Tackle Sanction Framework (2019) to enhance consistency

High Tackle Warning Trial
Reward good technique behaviour and influence change via off field high tackle warnings for ‘high risk’ upright tackles (which are not illegal, but are dangerous), with two post-match warnings resulting in a one-match ban. 

Result: 50% decrease in concussion rates at the 2018 World Rugby U20 Championship v 2017 & 2016

Shadow High Tackle Warning Trial
Shadow trial currently being undertaken across elite competitions with World Rugby operating a dummy citing process following extensive review of every match.

Further trials to be announced. 

Lower the legal height of the tackle by sanctioning any tackle above the armpit line as trialled at the 2018 U20 Trophy and the RFU Championship Cup.
Result: Inconclusive, further trials requested at the Player Welfare Symposium in France in March

How the framework was developed

  1. The framework has been developed following requests from unions and competitions for material to support the on-field decision-making process for high tackles/contact
  2. The framework was initially developed by World Rugby staff including specialists from the disciplines of research; medical; match officiating; judicial; citing and laws
  3. The framework was approved by Rugby Committee and EXCO in March subject to ratification at the Player Welfare Symposium in France
  4. The delegates at the symposium universally approved the framework subject to final tweaks and support with implementation timelines
  5. Council approved the final framework and supporting educational material at its annual meeting on 22 May