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Location of a penalty or free-kick

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1. The mark for a penalty or free-kick must be in the field of play and be no closer than five metres from the goal line, as per the following table:

Infringement Location of penalty or free-kick
While the ball is in play excluding a late charge after a kick. At the place of infringement.
While the ball is dead. - At the point where play would have restarted or, if that place is on the touchline or within 15 metres of it, the mark is on the 15-metre line, in line with that place.
- If play would have restarted with a 22 drop-out, the mark is anywhere on the 22-metre line (non-offending team decides).
Any infringement that takes place outside the playing area while the ball is in play. On the 15-metre line, in line with where the offence occurred or if the offence occurred in touch-in-goal or beyond the dead-ball line, on the five-metre line, in line with the place of the infringement, but no less than 15 metres from the touchline.
Any infringement in a lineout. 15 metres from the touchline on the mark of touch.
Offside at a phase of play. At the offending team’s offside line.
Any subsequent infringement by the original offending team after the first penalty or free-kick is awarded but before it is taken. Advanced 10 metres from the original mark.
Late charging the kicker.

The opposition chooses either at the place of the infringement, where the ball landed or where the ball was next played.

- If the infringement takes place in the kicker’s in-goal, the penalty is taken five metres from the goal line in line with the place of infringement but at least 15 metres from the touchline.

- The non-offending team may also choose to take the penalty where the ball lands or where it is next played before landing, at least 15 metres
from the touchline.

- If the ball lands in touch, the optional penalty is on the 15-metre line, in line with where it went into touch.

- If the ball lands, or is next played before landing, within 15 metres of the touchline, the mark is on the 15-metre line opposite where the ball landed or was played.

- If the ball lands in in-goal, in touch-in-goal, or on or over the dead-ball line, the optional penalty is five metres from the goal line, in line with the place where the ball crossed the goal line and at least 15 metres from the touchline.

- If the ball hits a goal post or crossbar, the optional penalty kick is awarded where the ball lands.

Intentionally throwing or knocking the ball into touch.

If the ball is thrown or knocked:
- Into touch or touch-in-goal or over the dead-ball line from the playing area, the mark is where the infringement occurred but no closer than 15
metres from the touchline and five metres from the goal line.

- Into touch or touch-in-goal from in in-goal, the mark is on the five-metre line at least 15 metres from the touchline.

- Over the dead-ball line from in-goal, the mark is on the five-metre line in a line with where the infringement occurred.

Any infringement in in-goal or within five metres of a goal line. In the field of play, five metres from the goal line, in line with the place of infringement.

2. A penalty or free-kick is taken from where it is awarded or anywhere behind it on a line through the mark and parallel to the touchlines. When a penalty or free-kick is taken at the wrong place, it must be re-taken.